Professor (currently on leave)
Office: 871 Natural Sciences Complex
Phone: (716) 645-1493
Fax: (716) 645-6963
B.S., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (1950)
Ph.D., University of Minnesota (1954)
Awards and Honors:
Silver Medal in Analytical Chemistry of Hiroshima University, Japan (1972)
Distinguished Service Award, Analytical Group of the Western New York Section of the ACS and Niagara Frontier Section of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy (1974)
Jacob F. Schoellkopf Award, Western New York Section of the ACS (1987)
Heyrovsky Centennial Medal, Heyrovsky Centennial Congress on Polarography (1988)
Charles N. Reilly Award of the Society for Electrochemistry (1991)
Faraday Medal, Electrochemical Group, Royal Society of Chemistry (1994)
Electrochemistry, Analytical Division of American Chemical Society (1997)
Fellow of the Electrochemical Society, Inc. (1999)
Fellow of the American Academy of Sciences (2006)
Electroanalytical and physical electrochemistry at solid electrodes; electroactive polymers development of new analytical techniques; sensors and instrumentation; hydrodynamic voltammetry; electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance development and applications, novel chromatographic solid phases.
Our research interests involve electroanalytical chemistry (electrochemical technique development, sensors and instrumentation) and physical electrochemistry. Recent and current problems have involved the study of:
(1) the details of ion and neutral species transport accompanying the redox switching of electroactive polymers
(2) solid electrodes in order to understand the processes that control reaction at them
(3) techniques for overcoming nonelastic behavior at the quartz crystal microbalance
(4) developing planar chromatographic solid phases that yield a separation that are equivalent to an experimentally impractical gradient elution approach.
The research in (1) and (2) can then be used to control the rates of electrode processes and thus develop new and better analytical methods, electrochemical sensors, electrochemical displays, and energy storage devices. Development of unique instrumentation and techniques has played a key role in our research. The research (3) is aimed at obtaining Sauerbrey responses with viscoelastic molecules, typically those of biological origin. The goal of the research in (4) is lay the foundations for increasing the versatility of a wide variety of 1D chromatographic techniques.
Some recent published research has been concerned with:
- electrochemical and transport processes occurring during the redox cycling of electroactive polymers. This research can then be used to understand the processes that are critical in application of electroactive polymer to analytical sensors, energy storage devices (batteries, supercapacitors), optical displays, corrosion inhibitors and medical devices.
- the properties of a fractional atom layer of a metal deposited on another metal (underpotential deposition). Our object is to understand the thermodynamics and kinetics of such deposition processes and the electrocatalytic behavior of such films. This understanding can lead to improved modified electrodes and electrocatalysts.
- the theory and practice of using the quartz crystal microbalance simultaneously with electrochemical techniques (the so-called “hyphenated” EQCM technique) to study the formation and properties of fractional monolayer, monolayer and thicker inorganic, organic and polymer films at electrodes. The in situ EQCM technique provides detailed insights unavailable by other approaches. It has proved to be extremely valuable in the investigation of the behavior of electroactive polymers and has been widely adopted throughout the world.
Selected Recent Publications:
- Shifts in Protein Charge State Distributions with Varying Redox Reagents in Nanoelectrospray Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry, C. Zhao, T. D. Wood and S. Bruckenstein, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2005, 16(3), 409-416.
- Modeling Mobile Species Dynamics within Electroactive Films under Mixed Thermodynamic and Kinetic Control, A. R. Hillman, M. A. Mahmoud and S. Bruckenstein, Electrocatalysis 2005, 17(15-16), 1421-1432.
- Quasi-Reversible Photoluminescence Quenching of Free Standing Silicon Nanoparticles, W. D. Kirkby, Y. Sahoo, X. Li, Y. He, M. T. Swihart, A. N. Cartwright, S. Bruckenstein and P. N. Prasad, J. Mater. Chem. 2005, 15(20), 2028-2034.
- Cation Participation During the Redox Switching of Poly(vinylferrocene) Films in Aqueous 0.05 M Perchlorate Solutions. Part 1. Cyclic Voltammetry and the EQCM, I. Jureviciute, S. Bruckenstein and A. R. Hillman, Electrochim. Acta 2006, 51(11), 2351-2357.
- Theory for Solvent and Salt Transfer Accompanying Partial Redox Conversion of Electroactive Polymer Films Under Permselective and Nonpermselective Conditions, E. Pater, S. Bruckenstein and A. R. Hillman, J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110(30), 14761-14769.
- FT-ICRMS Distinguishes the Mechanism of the Charge State Reduction for Multiply Charged Protein Cations Admixed with Redox Reagents in ESI, C. Zhao, R. W. Johnson, S. Bruckenstein and T. D. Wood, J. Mass Spectrom. 2006, 41(5), 641-645.
- Integration of an On-line Protein Digestion Microreactor to a Nanoelectrospray Emitter for Peptide Mapping, C. Zhao, H. Jiang, D. R. Smith, S. Bruckenstein and T. D. Wood, Anal. Biochem. 2006, 359(2), 167-175.
- Kinetics and Mechanism of the Electrochemical p-Doping of PEDOT, A. R. Hillman, S. J. Daisley and S. Bruckenstein, Electrochem. Commun., 2007, 53(11), 3763-3771.
- Solvent Effects on the Electrochemical p-Doping of PEDOT, A. R. Hillman, S. J. Daisley and S. Bruckenstein, PCCP, 2007, 9(19), 2379-2388.
- New Conducting Pyrrole-thiophene Co-polymer from an Oligomer Precursor: Electrochemical Characterization, F. A. Al-Yusufy, S. Bruckenstein and W. S. Schlindwein, J. Solid State Electrochem., 2007, 11(9), 1263-1268.